Blood Quantum



Tribes requiring 1/2 degree blood quantum for citizenship
(equivalent to one parent)

Kialegee Tribal Town
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, Florida
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi
St. Croix Chippewa Indians, Wisconsin
White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona
Yomba Shoshone Tribe, Nevada

Tribes requiring 1/4 degree blood quantum for citizenship
(equivalent to one grandparent)

Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes, Oklahoma
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington
Ho-Chunk Nation, Wisconsin
Kickapoo Tribe, Oklahoma
Kiowa Tribe, Oklahoma
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona
Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes, Montana
Navajo Nation, Arizona, Utah and New Mexico
Oneida Tribe of Indians, Wisconsin
Pascua Yaqui Tribe, Arizona
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, Kansas
Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, North and South Dakota
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians, Oklahoma
Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe, California
Yavapai-Prescott Tribe, Arizona

Tribes requiring 1/8 degree blood quantum for citizenship
(equivalent to one great-grandparent)

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Comanche Nation, Oklahoma
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma
Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation, Oregon
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Karuk Tribe of California
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie)
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
Pawnee Nation, Oklahoma
Ponca Nation, Oklahoma
Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Washington
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco and Tawakonie)

Tribes requiring 1/16 degree blood quantum for citizenship
(equivalent to one great-great-grandparent)

Caddo Nation
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
Fort Sill Apache Tribe
Iowa Tribe, Oklahoma
Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, North Carolina
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians

Tribes determining membership by lineal descent
These tribes do not have a minimum blood quantum requirement; however, this does not mean anyone with any amount of Indian blood can enroll. Members must be direct descendants of original enrollees.

Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town
Cherokee Nation
Chickasaw Nation
Choctaw Nation
Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Delaware Tribe of Indians
Eastern Shawnee Tribe
Kaw Nation
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe, Connecticut
Miami Tribe, Oklahoma
Modoc Tribe
Muscogee Creek Nation
Osage Nation
Ottawa Tribe, Oklahoma
Peoria Tribe of Indians
Quapaw Tribe, Oklahoma
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Michigan
Seminole Nation
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe, Oklahoma
Shawnee Tribe
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
Tonkawa Tribe
Wyandotte Nation

Ask yourself, how long are you going to let other people decide the future for your children, are you not the founders of your own destiny? We have a number of firsts of our own to take pride in, such as in Athletics, the Arts, the Military and Politics:



Meet Louis Sockalexis, a member of the Penobscot Indian tribe of Maine, played in only 94 major league games, but is remembered today as the first Native American, and first recognized minority, to perform in the National League. The Cleveland Spiders signed him in 1897


Jim Thorpes Body .JPEG-0988f

Describing Jim Thorpe as a great athlete would be doing him a severe injustice. A better description would be calling him the greatest athlete of the 20th Century. This label will probably be debated by many, but Thorpe’s accomplishments speak louder than words. King Gustav V of Sweden told Thorpe: “Sir, you are the greatest athlete in the world.”
In 1950, the nation’s press selected Jim Thorpe as the most outstanding athlete of the first half of the 20th Century and in 1996-2001, he was awarded ABC’s Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Century.



Elizabeth Marie Tall Chief (Osage family name: Ki He Kah Stah Tsa;[2] January 24, 1925 – April 11, 2013) was considered America’s first major prima ballerina, and was also the first recognized minority to hold the rank



Meet Will Rogers, Born William Peen Adair Rogers, a Cherokee-Cowboy, “Will” became best known as an actor, a Vaudvillian, a philanthropist, a social commentator, a comedian, and a presidential candidate. Known as Okalahoma’s favorite son, Rogers was born to a well respected Native American Territory family and learned to ride horses and use a lasso/lariat so well that he was listed in the Guiness Book of World Records for throwing three ropes at once—one around the neck of a horse, another around the rider, and a third around all four legs of the horse. He ultimately traveled around the world several times, made 71 films (50 silent and 21 “talkies”), wrote more than 4,000 nationally-syndicated newspaper columns, and became a world-famous figure. 

FIRST AMERICAN MINORITY TO BE AWARDED THE Chevalier de L’Ordre National du Merite


Charles Joyce Chibitty (November 20, 1921 – July 20, 2005) was a Comanche Numunu code talker

 He also reportedly was the last hereditary chief of the Comanche, having descended from the great leader, Chief Ten Bears.
Chibitty was among the 17 Comanche code talkers who served with the 4th Infantry Division. The French presented Chibitty and other Comanche code talkers with their second highest medal for valor, the Chevalier de L’Ordre National du Merite breaking the racial barrier in the United States to be the first to do so.
Chibitty served in the Sixth Army Signal Company in the 4th Infantry Division, and survived the Battle of Normandy. He earned the World War II Victory Medal, the European Theater of Operations Victory Medal with five Bronze Stars, the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, the Good Conduct Medal and also Combat Infantryman Badge



Pascal Poolaw has been called America’s most decorated Indian soldier with 42 medals and citations. 
Among his medals are four Silver Stars and five Bronze Stars. He also earned three Purple Hearts, one for each of the wars in which he fought, World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. 
His devotion to his soldiers was exceeded only by the love of his family. Poolaw served in Vietnam trying to spare his son the horrors of war. 
When his son, Lindy, received orders for Vietnam, Poolaw volunteered for the combat zone with the hope of serving there in place of his son. Regulations prohibit two members of the same family from serving in combat at the same time without their consent. 
First Sgt. Pascal Cleatus Poolaw, Sr., served this country through three wars, and gave up his life in Vietnam.

Charles Curtis (January 25, 1860 – February 8, 1936) 


Its important to note that he was a United States Representative, a longtime United States Senator from Kansas that was later chosen as Senate Majority Leader by his Republican colleagues and he was also the 31st Vice President of the United States (1929–1933),

Most importantly, what makes him unique is that he was also the first person with significant acknowledged American Indian ancestry and the first person with significant acknowledged non-European ancestry to reach either of the two highest offices in the United States government’s executive branch. He was enrolled in the Kaw tribe and his maternal ancestry was three-quarters American Indian: Kaw, Osage and Pottawatomi. He was also raised on the Kaw Reservation.

 As an attorney, Curtis entered political life at the age of 32, winning multiple terms from his district in Topeka, Kansas, starting in 1892 as a Republican to the US House of Representatives. He was elected to the US Senate first by the Kansas Legislature (in 1906), and then by popular vote (in 1914, 1920 and 1926), serving one six-year term from 1907 to 1913, and then most of three terms from 1915 to 1929 (when he became Vice President). His long popularity and connections in Kansas and national politics helped make Curtis a strong leader in the Senate; he marshaled support to be elected as Senate Minority Whip from 1915–1925 and then as Senate Majority Leader from 1925–1929.

In these positions, he was instrumental in managing legislation and accomplishing Republican national goals.

Curtis ran for Vice-President with Herbert Hoover as President in 1928. They won a landslide victory. Although they ran again in 1932, the population saw Hoover as failing to alleviate the Great Depression, and Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner defeated them.